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We recently celebrated Rosh Chodesh Kislev. On the fourth day of creation, Hashem created the celestial bodies to be a sign for the days, years, and holidays. One of these holidays is Rosh Chodesh. We also find that the first mitzvah given to the Jews while in the process of leaving Egypt was to create a lunar calendar and mark each Rosh Chodesh. We see from both of these examples how important Rosh Chodesh is – it was already mentioned during the six days of creation – the creation of the world, and it was given to Bnei Yisroel as their first mitzvah.
One of the main themes we find in relation to Rosh Chodesh is the concept of Teshuva. We say during the special mussaf for Rosh Chodesh that it is a “Zman kaparah lchol toldosom,” a time of repentance for all our deeds, a time when we would bring korbanos to atone for our sins. We ask Hashem to rebuild the Beis Hamikdash and to restore the mizbeach, so that we can bring korbanos to do Teshuva for our aveiros.
A medrash relates to us an encounter between Adam HaRishon and Hashem. After being expelled from Gan Eden, Adam complains to Hashem, claiming that Hashem had set Adam up to fail and eat from the Eitz HaDa’as, because Hashem created the Satan before he created Adam. Adam was created on the sixth day, while the Satan was created either on the second or on the fifth day – a machlokes in the gemara. As Hashem had already created the Satan before creating Adam, Adam claimed that he had no chance at beating the Satan. One of the explanations given to answer this claim is that although the Satan may have been created before Adam, the concept of Teshuva was created even earlier. Adam had the chance to do Teshuva for this sin and rise above it.
And from here we see how fundamental the concept of Teshuva is to Judaism. The first mitzvah, Rosh Chodesh, mentioned by the creation of the world, revolves around Teshuva. And this concept of Teshuva was already in existence before Adam HaRishon, before the Eitz HaDa’as Tov V’Rah, and even before the Satan. Furthermore, a posuk in Tehillim says that Hashem waits for a Rasha to do Teshuva until the day he dies. And if so, how much more so does He look forward to and readily accept our Teshuva, the Teshuva of frum yiddin, b’nei Torah, sitting and learning for hours a day, living a life of Avodas Hashem as we are fortunate enough to do in Yeshiva.